Health Free Printable Workplace Posters Posters Health Guidance for Large or Extended Families Living in the Same Household Poster

 Guidance for Large or Extended Families Living in the Same Household PDF

The Guidance for Large or Extended Families Living in the Same Household is a Health workplace posters poster.

This poster, provided by the CDC, serves as a set of guidelines and tips for families who are living in close quarters, or live with large or extended families. This information is conveyed through bulletpoints, paragraphs, and photos.


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CS 316538    05/18/2020	
cdc.gov/coronavirus	
Guidance for Large or Extended Families 	 	
Living in the Same Household  	
Older adults and people of any age who have serious 
underlying medical conditions are at higher risk 
for severe illness from coronavirus disease 2019 
(COVID-19).	 If your household includes people in 	
these groups, then all family members should act 
as if they, themselves, are at higher risk.	 This can 	
be difficult if space is limited for large or extended 
families living together. The following information 
may help you protect those who are most vulnerable 
in your household.	
This document explains how to:
• Protect the household when you leave for errands
• Protect household members at high risk for severe illness
• Protect children and others from getting sick
• Care for a household member who is sick
• Isolate a household member who is sick
• Eat meals together and feed a sick household member	
How to protect the household when you must leave the house
Don’t leave the household unless 	absolutely necessary	!	
For example, only leave if you must go to work, the grocery store, pharmacy, or 
medical appointments that cannot be delayed (such as for infants or for people with 
serious health conditions). Choose one or two family members who are not at higher 
risk for severe illness from COVID-19 to do the needed errands. 	If you must leave the 	
household, follow these nine tips:
1. 	Avoid crowds, including social gatherings of any size. 	
2. 	Keep at least 6 feet away from other people.	
3. 	Wash your hands often.	
4. 	Don’t touch frequently touched surfaces in public areas, such as elevator buttons and 
handrails.	
5. 	Don’t use public transportation, such as the train or bus, if possible.  	If you must use public 	
transportation, 
 »Maintain 6 feet of distance from other passengers as much as possible.
 »Avoid touching frequently touched surfaces such as handrails.
 »Wash your hands or use hand sanitizer as soon as possible after leaving public transportation.	
6. 	Don’t ride in a car with members of different households. 	
7. 	Wear a cloth face covering to help slow the spread of COVID-19. 
 »Cloth face coverings fashioned from household items or made at home from common 
materials at low cost can be used as an additional, voluntary public health measure. 
Information about the use of cloth face coverings is available at 	www.cdc.gov/	
coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/diy-cloth-face-coverings.html	.

8. 	Wash your hands immediately when you return home. 	
9. 	Maintain a physical distance between you and those at higher risk in your household. 	 	
For example, avoid hugging, kissing, or sharing food or drinks.	 	
You can find more information about running essential errands at 	www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/	
daily-life-coping/essential-goods-services.html	.	
How to protect members of the household who are at higher risk 
for severe illness
Adults 65 or older and people who have serious underlying medical conditions are at highest 
risk of severe illness from COVID-19.	 If your household includes people in these 	
groups, then all family members should act as if they, themselves, are at higher risk. 
Here are seven ways to protect your household members.	 	
1. 	Stay home as much as possible.	
2. 	Wash your hands often, 	especially after you have been in a public place or after 	
blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. Information on when and how to wash hands 
can be found here: 	www.cdc.gov/handwashing/when-how-handwashing.html	.	
3. 	Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol if you 
can’t wash with soap and water.
 »Place a dime-sized amount in your palm and rub your hands together, covering all parts of your hand, 
fingers, and nails until they feel dry.	
4. 	Don’t touch your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.	
5. 	Cover your coughs and sneezes.
 »If you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or use the inside of 
your elbow.
 »Throw used tissues in the trash.
 »Immediately wash your hands.	
6. 	Clean and then disinfect your home. 
 »Wear disposable gloves, if available.
 »Clean frequently touched surfaces daily with soap and water or other detergents. 	 	
This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, 
keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
 »Then, use an EPA-registered disinfectant that is appropriate for the surface. Follow 
the instructions on the label for safe and effective use of the cleaning product. 
Disinfectants are chemicals that kill germs on surfaces.
EPA-registered disinfectants are listed here: 	www.epa.gov/pesticide-registration/list-n-disinfectants-use-	
against-sars-cov-2	.	
More about cleaning and disinfecting can be found here: 	www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-	
getting-sick/cleaning-disinfection.html	
7. 	Don’t have visitors unless they need to be in your home.	
You can find more information at 	www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/people-at-	
higher-risk.html	.	
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How to protect children and others from getting sick
Adults 65 years and older and people who have serious medical conditions should avoid caring for the children 
in their household, if possible. If people at higher risk must care for the children in their household, the 
children in their care should not have contact with individuals outside the household.  
Follow these five tips to help protect children and others from getting sick.
1. 	Teach children the same things everyone should do to stay healthy. 	Children and other people can 	
spread the virus even if they don’t show symptoms. Learn more at	 www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/	
prevent-getting-sick/how-covid-spreads.html	.	
2. 	Don’t let children have in-person playdates with children from other households.	
3. 	Teach children who are playing outside to stay 6 feet away from anyone who is 
not in their own household.	
4. 	Help children stay connected to their friends through video chats and	 	
phone calls. 	
5. 	Teach children to wash their hands. 	Explain that hand washing can keep them healthy and stop the 	
virus from spreading to others.	 	
 »Wet	 your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold), turn off the tap, and apply soap.	
 »Lather	 your hands by rubbing them together with the soap. Lather the backs of your hands, between 	
your fingers, and under your nails.
 »Scrub 	your hands for at least 20 seconds. 	
 »Rinse 	your hands well under clean, running water.	
 »Dry 	your hands using a clean towel or air dry them.	
You can find more information about caring for children at 	www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/daily-life-	
coping/children.html	.	
How to care for a household member who is sick
Most people who get sick with COVID-19 will have only mild illness and should stay at home to recover. Care 
at home can help stop the spread of COVID-19 and help protect people who are at risk for getting seriously ill 
from COVID-19. 	 	
If you are caring for someone who is sick at home, follow these six tips:
1. 	Have the person stay in one room, away from other people, including yourself, 
as much as possible. 	
2. 	Have them use a separate bathroom, if possible.	
3. 	Look for emergency warning signs* for COVID-19. If someone is showing any	 	
of these signs, seek emergency medical care immediately:
 »Trouble breathing
 »Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
 »New confusion
 »Inability to wake or stay awake
 »Bluish lips or face
*  This list is not all possible symptoms. Please call your medical provider for any other symptoms that are  
severe or concerning to you.	
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6 	ft

4. 	Make sure the person with COVID-19 does the following:
 »Drinks a lot of fluids to stay hydrated
 »Rests at home
 »Uses over-the-counter medicines to help with symptoms (after talking to their doctor)  
For most people, symptoms last a few days and they get better after a week. 	
5. 	Have their doctor’s phone number on hand, and call their doctor if the person with COVID-19 
gets sicker.
If English is your second language, a household member should know how to ask for an interpreter.  	
6. 	Call 911 for medical emergencies. 	Tell the 911 operator that the patient has or is 	
suspected to have COVID-19.
If English is your second language, a household member should know how to ask for an 
interpreter.  
You can find more information about caring for someone who is sick at 	www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-	
ncov/if-you-are-sick/care-for-someone.html	. 	
How to isolate a sick household member when household space is limited
If you cannot provide a separate room and bathroom for a person who is sick with COVID-19, try to separate 
them from other household members. Try to create adequate separation within your household to protect 
everyone, especially those people at higher risk (those over 65 years and those who have medical conditions).
Follow these ten tips when isolating a household member who is sick:
1. 	Keep 6 feet between the person who is sick and other household members.	
2. 	Cover coughs and sneezes; wash hands often; and don’t touch your eyes, nose, and mouth.	
3. 	Have the sick household member wear a cloth face covering when they are around other people 
at home and out (including before they enter a doctor’s office).	 	
The cloth face covering can be a scarf or bandana. But they should not be placed on children under age 2, 
anyone who has trouble breathing, or anyone who is not able to remove the covering without help. You 
can find more about cloth face coverings at 	www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/	
diy-cloth-face-coverings.html.	
4. 	Keep people at higher risk separated from anyone who is sick. 	
5. 	Have only one person in the household take care of the person who is sick. 	 	
This caregiver should be someone who is not at higher risk for severe illness.
 »The caregiver should clean where the sick person has been, as well as their bedding 
and laundry. 
 »The caregiver should minimize contact with other people in the household, especially 
those who are at higher risk for severe illness.
 »Have a caregiver for the person who is sick and a different caregiver for other members of the 
household who require help with cleaning, bathing, or other daily tasks.  	
6. 	Clean and disinfect surfaces, doorknobs, and other commonly touched surfaces 	with EPA-	
registered disinfectants daily. Find a list here: 	www.epa.gov/pesticide-registration/list-n-disinfectants-	
use-against-sars-cov-2	.	
Page 4 of 5

Page 5 of 5	
7. 	Limit visitors to those with an essential need to be in the home. 	
8. 	Don’t share personal items like phones, dishes, bedding, or toys.	
9. 	Try to do the following if you need to share a bedroom with someone who is sick:
 »Make sure the room has good air flow. Open a window and turn on a fan to bring in	 	
fresh air.
 »Place beds at least 6 feet apart, if possible.
 »Sleep head to toe.
 »Put a curtain around or place another physical divider to separate the bed of the person who is sick 
from other beds. For example, you might use a shower curtain, room screen divider, large cardboard 
poster board, quilt, or large bedspread.	
10. 	Have the person who is sick clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces in a	 	
shared bathroom.
If this is not possible, others who share the bathroom should wait as long as possible after the sick person	 	
uses the bathroom before entering it to clean and disinfect or to use the bathroom. Make sure the room 
has good air flow. Open a window and turn on a fan (if possible) to bring in and circulate fresh air.	
How to eat meals together and feed a household member who is sick
If possible, make a plate for the sick household member to eat in the separate area they are staying in. If they 
cannot eat in the separate area they are staying in, they should stay at least 6 feet away from other members 
of the household during meals. Or, they should eat at a different time than others in the household.
Also, follow these seven tips:
1. 	Don’t help prepare food if you are sick. 	
2. 	Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water before eating.	 	
This includes everyone in the household!	
3. 	Use clean utensils when placing food on every household member’s plate.  	
4. 	Don’t eat from the same dishes or use the same utensils as someone else in the 
household. 	
5. 	Wear gloves to handle dishes, drinking glasses, and utensils (food service items), 
if possible. 	Also, wash these non-disposable items with hot water and soap	 	
or in a dishwasher after you use them.	
6. 	Have only one person bring food to the sick person and clean-up the sick person’s	 	
food service items. 	This should be someone who is not at higher risk for severe illness.	
7. 	Wash your hands after handling used food service items.	
cdc.gov/coronavirus

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